Extend the life of your wool clothing and blankets, and deter damaginglarvae by following the advice below:
Wool is the natural fiber obtained from sheep and a few other animals, including mohair from goats and angora from rabbits.
The scaling and crimp in wool make it easy to spin into yarn by assisting the individual fibers in attaching to each other during the spinning process. The crimp gives woolen fabrics a higher bulk than other textiles, and it retains air, which allows the product to retain heat. Wool fibers are hollow which enables them to readily retain more moisture than other garment fibers.
This increased level of warmth and moisture is an attraction to moths.
Always check the manufacturer’s care label to ascertain whether your wool garment is suitable for hand washing, machine washing or dry cleaning only. It is recommended that woolen clothing is washed after every 4 or 5 wearings and cashmere more often.
Most woolen garments and blankets require hand washing, although be sure to check your permanent care label to see whether the item is ‘dry clean only’. Use a mild detergent or a specialist woolen laundry liquid.
Agitate the detergent and ensure the clothing is thoroughly exposed to the solution through gently squeezing it through the washing stage. Loss of dyes at this stage may occur, especially in new garments, until the item has been washed a few times and the excess dye removed. Do not be overly rough in the wash to avoid distorting the shape of wool clothes. Rinse several times in cool to lukewarm water to ensure the detergent is fully removed before the drying stage.
To dry, it is recommended that woolen clothing is rolled in a towel and gently pressed to remove initial quantities of water before then laying flat and shaping on a clean towel to dry fully. Woolen clothes should hold their shape well because of the natural elasticity in the fibres. Avoid direct heat and do not use a tumble dryer.
Only ever machine wash a woolen garment if explicitly stated in the permanent care label of woollen clothes. Some woolen garments have fibers coated in a resin that prevents them becoming interwoven more tightly in the washing process (which would result in a loss of softness in the garment). Try to avoid detergents that are described as biological or containing brightening agents. The wash temperature should be 30 or 40 degrees and the spin cycle should be kept slow and short in duration.
For drying, follow the care advice for hand washing above.
Use a reputable dry cleaner that you have experience of or comes highly recommended. Many woolen garment care labels will specify ‘dry clean only’, in which case please do not attempt to hand or machine wash. The dry cleaning solvents and process also eradicate any moth eggs or larvae that may be present on wool clothing. Woolen blankets are always best dry cleaned – hand or machine washing can result in significant shrinkage and a loss of softness in the feel of the blanket.
It is always best to use a good specialist dry cleaner to remove severe stains or marks on wool clothing.
When taking your garment to the dry cleaner for stain removal, try to do so quickly and explain exactly what the stain has been caused by to increase the chances of success in wool stain removal.
Pressing: You may not need to iron or can reduce the amount of ironing required by hanging your woollen clothing whilst still slightly damp (not wet!). If you do need to iron woolen garments, use a low / wool temperature setting on your iron. Always do the main ironing with the clothes inside-out. Where you need to iron the ‘right-side’ of the fabric, always iron through a clean white cloth, to avoid resulting a ‘shiny’ effect. Steaming is an effectiveway to remove creases without the risks associated with ironing!
Wool garments should be stored clean – this is critical because clothes moth larvae feed on human and animal hair and skin which is a form of protein, and they are also particularly attracted by food stains and the residual from perspiration, which also provides the moisture that is essential to their survival. Wool itself, being made from animal hair, is made of keratin, a form of protein that is a foodstuff for moth larvae.
We recommend that wool clothes are stored neatly folded, and ideally in storage bags. Before storing, we recommend you lightly brush woolen garments with a soft clothes brush.
If you are storing your woolen clothing or blankets for a long period we recommend that you periodically shake the items and air in bright light to deter any potential moth larvae settling. They hate disturbance and light! Vacuuming cupboards and closets at this stage is also really important.
At Moth-Prevention.com we provide a number of solutions to both eradicate moths and their larvae, as well as prevent further moth damage to your clothing.
For severe infestations by moths and elimination we recommend our range of Woolen Clothes Moth Killer Kits. For ongoing moth monitoring we recommend the purchase of our Clothes Moth Traps for Wool Moths.